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It’s no secret that technology is constantly getting smaller, particularly during the past ten or twenty years where technology has seen an explosion of progress, moving at blazing speed, and this is perhaps most clear in the advances seen with computer notebooks. First let’s put things into perspective. The first true program-controlled computer as we recognize them today, the Z3, was built in 1941 by Konrad Zuse. Also keep in mind that at present as we may already know, notebook laptops are matching no contract cellphones in selling rates which is in fact great for the computer industry.

It was nearly the size of a small passenger car and weighed roughly 2,200 pounds, had no monitor or display beyond a few bulbs that would light to relay simple information, and had a memory capacity of about 22 bits. 67 years later in 2008, Apple released a new model of its MacBook Pro notebooks with the surface area equivocal to a dinner plate and only an inch thick, weighing 6.8 pounds, with a 17 inch screen and a memory capacity of 4 gigabytes – about 1.8 billion times far more than the Z3. Never before in the history of technology have advances come at this type of rapid pace, and currently laptops are at the top of this onslaught.

The development and popularity of notebook computers came as a natural result of the elevated existence and dependence upon desktop computers. As with most technologies, as soon as desktop personal computers became a facet of everyday life, there was a demand to make the technology portable, and so notebooks (the more modern name for the more apt moniker “laptop”) first made their appearance on the scene.

The first commercially ready notebooks were the Osborne 1 series, which could hardly be called notebooks however were nevertheless revolutionary in concept. It barely resembled a laptop computer at all, looking more like a mobile sewing machine. It had only a tiny 5 inch screen, and did not even run on batteries rather requiring access to a wall outlet, but it was the first personal computer that could be easily transported, enabling users to carry data with them from location to location.

Briefly thereafter, notebook computers began to take on their familiar form, which they sustain to this day. Even so, in recent years, new designs beyond the standard fold-out variety have become increasingly preferred. Subnotebooks are gaining in popularity, due to even more emphasis on small size and portability, and use their reduction in features in lieu of light-weight and slim layout as a selling point. The introduction of touch screen technology to the mainstream has also led to the radical redesign of portable notebooks. So called tablet notebooks are now available and are becoming increasingly common, consisting of only a few functional buttons and leaving most of the input commands to the use of a stylus on a touchscreen that covers a lot of the surface area.

Forms are already lording it over the United States since it has been founded, some people may find it repulsive and excessive but the reason behind them is to keep records in the event a problem occurs or for information needs. Amongst those forms are different forms for taxes, such as the w-4 form or the w-9 forms. Others are to sustain records of people residing within the United States and as expected the list does not stop there.

The I9 Form is the consequence of a outstanding piece of guidelines, one of the most striking to ever come out of Congress. Also known as the Employment Eligibility Verification Form, the I-9 Form is the product of long-standing anti-immigrant and illegal immigrant sentiment that bitterly boiled out into the public conversation throughout the recession of the early 1908s. Though illegal immigration has always been an integral part of American history, most likely since the very first non-Native settlers according to the reckoning of many, not since the prewar years was popular opposition as widespread as it was intense.

Truly, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) that gave birth to the I9 Form was a bipartisan effort. Unlike some similar legislative endeavours today, IRCA had broad support among both Republicans and Democrats at the time. Republicans at the time generally liked that it was pro-business, since employers could still get inexpensive labor since IRCA in its final form didn’t actually hold them responsible for “accidentally” hiring unauthorized workers while Democrats managed to deliver for their numerically crucial hispanic constituency.

Businesses were satisfied because despite the legal necessity that all workers had to be legal, an “affirmative defense” clause supplied what turned out to be a loophole in the law, as an employer did not need to validate eligibility beyond the authorization documents provided – which were taken at face value. Hispanic voters were pleased because IRCA provided a pathway to legalization for illegal immigrants with only some rather minor and often easily overcome restrictions. In the proverbial grander scheme of things, nonetheless, IRCA only shelved the controversy over illegal immigration for another generation, for the promises made by supporters don’t seem to have ever been taken care of.

Without a doubt, in the 21st Century, illegal immigration carries on to be a hot topic, with yet more IRCA-like legislation offered by a new generation of politicians. This time, on the other hand, in a reflection of the much elevated polarization of the united states, one can generalize that Republicans are against any more amnesty while Democrats want still more. And this time, it is predicted that some eleven million are to benefit from any IRCA-like amnesty, compared to the estimated three million or so that did back in 1986.

With a mobile handset, the next thing on your to-get list will surely be some mobile accessories! And it’s absolutely astonishing what stuff they’ve come up with, that’s to be utilized with a cell phone, all from the Didn’t Know You Needed It Department. But the most wonderful accessory of these all is but one that’s simply been overlooked, in the Didn’t Even Know It Was An Accessory Department! Simply because it isn’t the first thing that would typically one thinks of while looking for cellular accessories – but then again, that’s just the purpose of an article like this: to inform everyone about it!

The thing is that, some wireless providers choose to “lock” their phones, unfortunately, so they can’t work with SIM cards from another provider. Unlocking your phone means to change this programming so that it will work with any SIM card, from any carrier. And isn’t that just the ultimate must-have accessory?

Okay, maybe you don’t know what a SIM Card is. Well, here’s some technical background, then. There are many kinds of cellular technology in the world, with various protocols and standards, and one of them is called GSM. It’s not as common in the United States as another called CDMA, but a majority of countries use GSM primarily, if not outright exclusively. Now all else being equal, it shouldn’t matter much in terms of your call itself, with such issues as clarity and coverage. However, in case you one day wish to switch providers, it could make a significant difference in terms of your convenience, unless you don’t mind throwing out your handset (which you really should recycle instead!).

Now there is a distinctive electronic serial number for each and every phone, which is utilized by your carrier to distinguish your account. Through this serial number, the carrier sees that a certain phone is yours and it is thus able to route calls to you using this method. But GSM cell phones aren’t directly associated with their owners, where the phone itself does not contain the serial number. Instead, each GSM handset has a removable Subscriber Information Module card, or SIM card, that stores the serial number. This ensures that you can put any SIM card into any GSM phone – or vice-versa – and it will work. Therefore, when switching carriers, you merely insert the new SIM card, from the new carrier, into your existing phone, with no account set-up or registration from you!

More than carrying cases or belt clips, unlocking your GSM mobile phone is thus the one true must-have accessory. After all, what is it that cellular accessories do, anyway? They enable you to use your cellular phone better somehow, improving your experience of the device. Unlocking your phone isn’t a physical accessory, but it certainly enhances your experience, making it not just convenient, but possible at all in the first place, to switch carriers while keeping the same phone!